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每个猫奴都曾经是所谓的新手,当你准备将喵皇接回家前,一定要做好万全的准备(不管是食、住、预防针,和满满的爱),而喵皇的饮食肯定是重点关注事项,尤其猫狗的大不同,这是所有猫奴一定要了解,那就是猫咪是全然的肉食动物,可不要随便喂猫咪剩菜或蔬菜还沾沾自喜是补充营养,「绝对的肉食动物」代表什么?这表示猫必须由大量的动物性蛋白质(肉 / 内脏)中获取养份,而且几乎不太需要植物性蛋白质(谷类 / 蔬菜),这观念一定要好好熟记呀!


猫咪是纯纯的肉食动物

猫咪不仅是「绝对的肉食动物」,也需要充足的水分,而关于「干食VS湿食」究竟哪个比较好?实际上干饲料的优点就是方便快速好保存、价格便宜;缺点是猫咪需要的水分含量极低,还有许多人工合成添加物(比如:碳水化合物(谷类)),而猫咪因缺乏其它哺乳动物拥有的特定酵素代谢管道,唾液中也缺乏淀粉酵素(amylase),因此过多的碳水化合物容易危害健康,所以新手猫奴如有喂养干食的打算,也一定要详细研究饲料的「成分」,不要有所谓的品牌迷思,甚者同个牌子不同口味都要详细研究,而成分尽量以原文研究,因为翻译过后怕标示有差异,注意不能出现:化学防腐剂、色素、无详细来源的肉类副食品(meal、fats…)、山梨醇、玉米糖浆等标示。

湿食如以罐头为主,对比干食是水分含量较高,也有较多肉类(动物性蛋白质),对喵皇来说是更佳的选择,湿食其实还有所谓「鲜食」选项,也就是「自制新鲜食物」,但缺点是营养均衡可能无法兼顾,毕竟光是要添加多少营养素或维他命比例都让人头晕,尤其猫咪需要的可不只上述项目,所以自制鲜食建议都以「加菜」形式为主尤佳。


而猫咪所需要的营养素究竟有哪些?

喵圈整理出12种必须的营养素让新手不苦恼:

1.强壮骨骼和牙齿的钙

2.磷为能量代谢和骨骼结构

3.镁用于激素和酶的功能

4.钠更好帮助神经冲动的产生和传播

5.钾用于酶促反应

6.氯为酸碱平衡

7.铁可帮助血红蛋白合成

8.铜为健康结缔组织

9.锌用于细胞复制

10.锰用于骨骼发育

11.硒为免疫系统

12.碘让甲状腺激素合成



猫咪所需要的维生素有哪些?

1.维生素所需含量虽不高,但却是维持生理机能相当重要的一环

2.维生素A用于视力和免疫功能

3.维生素D为骨骼结构

4.维生素E抵御氧化损伤,是非常有效的抗氧化剂

5.维生素F 能保护心脏、提升免疫力、维持皮肤毛发健康

6.维生素K用于凝血和骨骼蛋白质

7.维生素B1(硫胺素)能量和碳水化合物代谢

8.维生素B6用于红血球功能和激素调节

9.维生素B12的酶功能

理想的猫咪饮食应拥有动物性蛋白质、适量脂肪、少量碳水化合物和极少量纤维及上述的营养素、少量维生素,才能永保猫咪的健康。


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